- Scientific name: Fragaria vesca.
- It is a perennial plant whose leaves and flower stalks grow from a basal rosette.
- The flower stalks have no leaves and the flowers grow in its apex, of five white petals, five sepals and numerous stamens. The petioles of the leaves are sharp.
- Its roots are brownish, from which rise brown stems, at the ends of stems grow the leaves in number of three with serrated edges and prominent veins on the underside.
- It has other creeping stems that are growing and rooting over its growth.
- The fruit is an eterio, red, sweet, sour and aromatic, a thickening of the floral receptacle whose function is to contain within itself the real fruits of the plant: small dark achenes clustered in number of 150 to 200.
- The parts used are the roots, leaves and fruit.
- It inhabits the temperate zones of Europe and Asia.
Content and active ingredients
- Condensed tannins, flavones, flavonoids, leucoanthocyanidin, triterpene alcohol: fraganol, potassium salts.
- Catechic tannins and pyrogallol; triterpene alcohol: fraganol, potassium salts.
- Abundant lecithin, Vitamin C (ascorbic acid), pectin, heteroside, salicylic acid, mucilage.
Properties and medicinal uses of the Strawberry
- Due to its content in potassium salts and mucilages it is diuretic and antirheumatic. It´s also hypocholesterolemic , by the large amount of ascorbic acid, lecithin and pectin contained in the fruits.
- Is has anti inflammatory and astringent benefits. The fruits are mineralizing due to its content in Vitamin C, plus anti-anemic and restorative benefits. The fruits are very appropriate at the time of child growth.
- The leaves crushed and applied to the skin are a good way to prevent wrinkles.
- The decoctions of the leaves and roots are indicated in diarrhea, enterocolitis.
- It´s also indicated when is required an increased of diuresis such as urolithiasis, hyperuricemia and cystitis; gout processes and blood pressure.
- In topical use: wounds and skin ulcers, mouth, conjunctivitis, pharyngitis, ecsemas, pruritus.
- The fruits are applied to strengthen the capillaries in the varicose veins and hemorrhoids processes.
- Strawberries are one of the "Dirty Dozen" - foods that if commercially grown are high in pesticides, so it is VITALLY IMPORTANT to purchase ONLY organically grown fruit and/or plants
- The tannins can irritate the gastric mucosa thus it must be associated with other plants with mucilage.
- In hypersensitive individuals the glycoproteins of fruits can cause allergies.
Preparation and dosage
- Three to four cups of infusion of leaves and roots help against uric acid, gout and arthritis.
- Decoction of roots or rhizomes: add 20 grams to a liter of water and boil for half an hour.
- Plant powder: for a diuretic effect, up to six grams a day of powder of the crushed plant.
- The infusion of the leaves is beneficial for inflammatory bowel disease. The decoction of the roots helps reduce arthritic inflammation.
- Drinking three to four cups of the leaves infusion is useful for diarrhea.
- Infusions of dry leaves are very astringent and can be used to cure mouth sores.